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News > Three-day International Conference on Art and Architectural Traditions of India and Iran: Commonality and Diversity at Jamia MIllia Islamia, New Delhi


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Three-day International Conference on Art and Architectural Traditions of India and Iran: Commonality and Diversity at Jamia MIllia Islamia, New Delhi


India-Arab Cultural Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia in collaboration with Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts, Indian Council for Historical Research and the Iran Culture House, New Delhi, organized a three-day International Conference on "Art and Architectural Traditions of India and Iran: Commonality and Diversity" from 5-7 December, 2018.

The inaugural session took place on 5 December, 2018 at M.A, Ansari auditorium, JMI. The Chief Guest, Mr. Arun Goel (IAS), Secretary Minister of Culture, Government of India inaugurated the event and eminent art historian Catherine Asher from the University of Minnesota delivered the keynote address. Dr. Ali Chegeni, Honorable Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Iran to India, was the special guest of the session along with other dignitaries including, Dr. Ali Dehgahi, the Cultural Counselor of Iran Culture House, New Delhi delivered the lecture as Guest of Honour and Dr. Ramesh C. Gaur, Head, Kala Nidhi Division, IGNCA also enhanced the aura of the occasion with their presence.


The session was chaired by Mr. A.P. Siddiqui (IPS), Registrar, Jamia Millia Islamia, who also welcomed the guests with mementoes. Dr. Nasir Raza Khan, conference convener and the officiating director of IACC introduced the theme of the conference. Mr. A.P. Siddiqui (IPS), Registrar, Jamia Millia Islamia delivered the welcome address and explained how this conference is a reflection of a unique confluence of multi-diverse and multi-perspective themes around India-Iran relations. Emphasizing on the ancient roots which have imprints on the contemporary art, culture, cinema, music and literature, Mr. Siddiqui described that Iran has taught us Islamic values.

Dr. Ali Chegeni, Honorable Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Iran to India, highlighted the historical cultural ties between India and Iran. These ties could be seen in the similarities of the mutual cultural influence on poetry, language, films, songs and even in the religious beliefs. India and Iran have been learning from each other through mutual cultural interaction as close neighbors. Their strategic location and political relations have played an important role in strengthening this relationship. Referring to the art, architecture, such as Rashtrapati Bhavan, Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid, Chahar-Bagh design of gardens, geometrical and floral patterns are some reflections of these deep cultural ties between India and Iran. He concluded calling India his second home and a symbol of two nations in one.


Mr. Arun Goel (IAS), Secretary, Minister of Culture, Government of India, highlighted the ancient cultural ties between the two civilizations calling the relationship as ethno-religious families. He explained that these ties could be traced back to Indus-valley civilization. He elucidated how the transfer of ideas and thoughts between India and Iran paved the way for the a rich literary dialogue between Sanskrit and Persian in the form of the translations of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavat Gita, and even the Indian tales and folklore like Panchtantra into Persian. He also emphasized that the political, diplomatic, cultural and literary linkages should be strengthened in future by learning from the past. Eminent art historian Catherine B Asher from the University of Minnesota delivered the keynote address ‘The Qutub Complex: Iran and India". She argued that the history of Qutub complex should not be read as a conflict between Hindu and Muslim civilizations instead, as a symbol of long cultural ties in terms of art and architecture between India, Iran and Afghanistan. The long gap in the construction of the Qutub Minar, Alai Darwaza (entrance), the Qubbatul Islam mosque, the placement of Iron pillar, Alai Minar and other prominent structures should be studied with the history of Islam in India which reflects different colours of Islamic philosophy, Asher said. Dr. Ali Dehgahi, Cultural Counselor, Iran Culture House, and Dr. Ramesh C. Gaur, Head, Kala Nidhi Division, IGNCA also spoke on this occasion.

 

Dr. Ali Dehgahi, referred to the relationship between Iran and India even before the arrival of the Aryans and emphasized that these cultural relations, especially in the Gurkani era in India and the Safavids in Iran reached on its climax. Iranian architects along with Indian architects, during this period they built mansions, castles, mosques and many public places. The Taj Mahal in Agra and Homayun Tomb in Delhi are the best examples of the combination of Iranian and Indian architecture, which was made by the architects of the two countries and built into the Islamic-Hindu architecture.


The cultural counselor of Iran, in another part of his remarks, refers to the preeminent patterns of Iranian Islamic architecture in the Indian architecture: The three important tombstones of the Sultanate of Delhi (588-908 AD), the Sufi Tomb of Ruknuddin Alam in Multan, the tomb of Gheyasuddin Tughlaq The Ferozshah in Tughlaqabad provided a platform for the emergence of Iranian architecture in India that the peak of this emergence and effect can be seen in the Taj Mahal.


Dr. Dehgahi referred to the famous monuments of southern India or Deccan, which colored the architecture of Iran, such as the Golbargh Mosque, the tomb of Ferozhah, the Ahmad I Tomb, Mahmood Gavan Gilani School, the Masjid Malik Jahan, or the Dilkhosh Mahal Gul-e- Gombad (Golb-dome), Tomb of Mohammad Adilshah, Ebrahim Roza, Mosque of Bijapur, Bukhara Mosque, Asaar Mahal, Mehtar Mahal and Gagan Mahal, said the Qutub Mimar can be considered as the beginning of the Islamic architecture of India in India, which was inspired by Qutbuddin Aybak during the 571-575 were built in Delhi and are part of Qubbat ul-Islam.


It should be noted that during this three day international conference, Dr. Raza Pour Jafer from Iran and other invitees from Turkey, the United States and various Indian cities has presented their valuable articles.
The valedictory was on 7th December, 2018 at IGNCA addressed by Prof. Akhtarul Wasey and a comment by Prof. Mohd. Reza Pourjafar from Iran.

 



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