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News > The opening ceremony of 2 day International seminar on Persian Literature during the Later Mughals (1707-1857) with special reference to Sufistic literature was held in Ghalib nstitute New Delhi on November 24, 2018.


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The opening ceremony of 2 day International seminar on Persian Literature during the Later Mughals (1707-1857) with special reference to Sufistic literature was held in Ghalib nstitute New Delhi on November 24, 2018.


Ghalib Institute, New Delhi in collaboration with the Persian Foundation of India; Bedil Foundation, Tehran and Raza Library Rampur, have jointly organized a two-day International Seminar on "Persian Literature during the later Mughals (1707-1857) with special reference to Sufistic Literature" on November 24 & 25, 2018, New Delhi at Aiwan-e Ghalib, New Delhi.


The opening ceremony of this seminar was attended by Dr. Ali Dehgahi, Cultural Councilor of I. R. Iran, New Delhi, Professor Azarmidokht Safavi, former Chairman of the Persian Research Centre, AMU, Professor Siddiqur Rahman Kidwai, Professor S.M. Azizuddin Hussain, former director Raza Library Rampur; Professor Chander Shekhar, Ex. HoD, Persian, University of Delhi and researchers and Persian language and culture"s fans, which was organized on 24th November 2018.


Professor Sayed Azizuddin Hussein spoke about the contribution of the mystics to the growth and development of the community and said that, as a result of the inheritance of the kingdom, the Sufi movement was formed in different regions, and in India, this movement was highly welcomed & successful.

 

He added that various Sufi dynasties came to India and founded the monastery, promoting their thoughts and spreading humanity among the people. They encouraged the nobility and supported the weak.

He emphasized that the Sufis were bound to adhere to local customs and did not want to hurt anyone by their behavior. The teachings of these Sufis led to the people of India towards Islam, which is the reason for the rejection of the claim that Islam has expanded by the sword.


Professor Chander Shekhar said that today our country India is considered a cradle of common culture. He cited several examples of the role of the secular Sufis and the mystics in the social affiliation of the people of India.


Dr. Ali Dehgahi said in his speech that the later period of the Gurkaniyan was a transit period from the Islamic rulers to the Britishers. After the death of Aurangzeb, the kingdom came to power until the end of the Gurkhani monarchy, indicating the fundamental weakness of the government. During this period, the provinces of Nawwabs flourished, but in these local governments, the Iranian-Islamic culture is clearly visible.

Dr. Dehgahi said in another part of his speech: "The most important point is that during a period of transfer of power, scholars tend towards sufism due to political and social frustration. In Iran, Sufism also flourished when the Mongols invaded.

He also emphasized on the importance of Persian language in dictionary, travelogue, mystical literature and journalism.


Professor Azarmidukht Safawi said in his remarks that the literature of this period is under the influence of previous periods and we should not call it degeneration or decline, but it is a turning point in Persian literature, as only its path has changed. We call it degeneracy because we are too dependent on classical literature. It was a period of time.
He added that during this period we will find new literary guides such as literary criticism, research, grammar, dictionaries and Tazkirah Naweesi that are very important. For example, Khan Arzu is the founder of literary criticism and this is enough for the importance of this period.


It is worth mentioning that the two-day seminar was representative by researchers from Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and various Indian cities.


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